Industrial foods, which appeared
in the 1950s and 60s, have undeniable qualities compared to the homemade
household ration: adapted to the cat’s needs, of constant composition and
requiring no preparation, they are generally complete and balanced.
They come in two forms: dry food
(or kibble) and wet food (or mash). What is best for your cat? Well, it depends.
What is the difference between a dry food and a wet food?
Wet foods, as their name
suggests, contain a lot of water: between 75 and 85%. They are packaged in
airtight packaging: tin can, aluminum tray, flexible pouches. They come in the
form of pâté, mousse, terrine, bites, etc.Dry foods contain less than 12%
water. The most common form of dry food for cats is kibble. From FortunateCat
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So, rather dry or rather wet?
Dry food is preferable if:
Your cat has dental tartar
problems: there are kibbles specially designed to slow down the formation of
tartar. Their texture is studied so that the tooth sinks deep enough into the
kibble without the latter breaking too quickly, thus achieving passive
Your cat is too big: rationing is
easier with kibble. In addition, chewing and chewing takes longer and satiety
(not being hungry) appears more quickly.Your cat is left alone for a few days.
Wet foods are recommended if:
Your cat has difficulty feeding (advanced age, convalescence, capricious appetite, dental pain…). In addition, warming them up gives off more appetizing odors and they can if necessary be administered to the probe.
Your cat is not drinking enough:
watering is an important point in limiting the appearance of urinary problems.
A wet food increases the amount of water absorbed.
Spontaneously, the cat prefers
wet forms to dry forms. However, for practical reasons, the dry food is better
suited to the cat: it can be left in self-service and the cat then nibbles its
ration throughout the day, by making small meals as it is in its nature to do.
Wet food can hardly be left open for more than a few hours.
And why not a mixture of the two?
It is entirely possible to
combine the two types of industrial food daily, provided that the quantities
distributed (and consumed!) Are controlled in order to avoid excessive energy
intake. For example, avoid leaving self-service kibble all day long and in the
evening also offer a food container: if the cat knows how to regulate its
consumption with only one type of food, a mixed diet makes it consume more than
it shouldn’t be.
On the other hand, suddenly
changing food categories (switching from a dry food to a wet food or vice
versa) can have consequences for digestion. To allow the adaptation of
intestinal functions, a gradual substitution of one food for another is
recommended over a period of about a week. In addition, if the change from a
wet food to a dry food is too abrupt, the cat may not drink enough to
compensate for the difference in humidity.
How to distribute industrial
As wet foods contain a lot of
water, they are necessarily distributed in larger quantities: it takes about 3
to 4 times less dry food (by volume) to obtain the same number of calories.
The quantities distributed must
be adapted to your cat: his age, his sex (male, female, sterilized animal), his
activity (lives in an apartment or with access to a garden), his overweight
state (too big or too thin) and a possible disease (renal failure, heart
failure, urinary stones, skin problems …). If you are not sure, ask your
veterinarian for advice: you will determine together which food is suitable for
your cat and in what quantity.